According to the National Bureau of Statistics released in 2011, "the sixth national census data" shows: 0-14-year-olds accounted for 16.60%; the population aged 60 and above accounted for 13.26%, of which 65 years of age and above accounted for 8.87 %.
data show decades of population growth in the low fertility level stage.
With the release of a comprehensive two-child policy, many families have to respond to the call of the country.
Today most families in my country and the two young parents, four elderly people (a total of six adult) education raise a child or two children.
no exaggeration to say that this child is 1-2 three families future and hope.
for our childrens growth, elders invest time and energy in addition to outside, spend more money on education is also willing.
However, parents at the same time providing higher quality education to their children, how can the professional point of view to ensure their healthy growth, but also the focus of attention of the parents in the basic diet.
the importance of water
Water is the source of life, survival and development of mankind is one of the most important material resources indispensable.
Infant demand for water
a, 0-6 months of exclusive breastfeeding
We strongly appeal to you mother, 0 - 6 months of age should adhere to exclusive breastfeeding!
Breast milk is the best food, exclusive breastfeeding can meet all of the liquid, the energy and nutrients needed within 6 months of age. Any formula can not be comparable with the breast milk.
However, the reality of our situation is not optimistic.
National Health Planning Commission in 2014 released data show that my countrys rate of breastfeeding was sustained downward trend, 16 years dropped by nearly 40%. 0--6 months exclusive breastfeeding rate was 27.8%, 30.3% of which is rural, urban only 16.8%, far below the international average (38%).
In general, exclusive breastfeeding6-month-old baby in a feeding normally without additional water.
However, because my country has about 70% of mothers can not do exclusive breastfeeding, and therefore the water with the powder becomes extra important.
Second, six months or more infants and young children
After 6 months, infants and young children in addition to breast milk, began to direct the water, this time effect of water on the health of infants and young children more directly.
followed by ordinary infant upgrade drinking water from the name, and overstating become special infant water, many families concerned about this, the water market is gradually being opened.
intake of infants drinking water
according to the Dietary Guidelines Reference Intakes our states:
65 kg of adults, in addition to food derived from them other than water, to drink 1.7 liters of water a day need.
3 to 20 kg infant, the total water needed daily intake of 0.7 to 1.3 liters. DETAILED see table below:
From a scientific perspective, the 70% -80% of infants in vivo, of its weight of water, is far greater than 60% of adults -65%, water accounts for a larger proportion of body weight, basal metabolic rate per unit of body weight in adults.
our simple to calculate:
a normal adult, 65 kilograms, 1.7 liters of drinking water a day, water demand per unit weight of 26.2 ml / kg.
a infants, 20 kilograms, 1.3 liters of drinking water per day, per body weight water demand required 鈮?5.0 mL / kg for adults is 2.5 times or more as much!
World Health Organization has pointed out:
(1) 0-6 month-old infants should be exclusively breastfed, no additional add water.
(2) for infants 7-12 months of age, the daily average intake of breast milk is about 630 ml, supplementary food and beverage intake of supplementary water supplied should be about 330 ml.
(3) 1 to 2 years for infants, breast milk supplied by 480 ml of water per day, to ensure that moisture from the food supplement of 825 ml per day.
(4) children 3 yearsTong water intake also refer to this standard, it is about 1.3 liters of drinking water daily.
especially in infants and young children drinking water in the end where?
Most products are "low sodium, low mineralized, renal care of the baby" as a selling point, and will be particularly marked water content and the potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium and other trace elements.
To be fair, we only letters following table lists more than 10 kinds of products:
not difficult to find on the table, the production of infant drinking water product companies are invariably reduced the mineral content in the water.
sodium for example, China "GB5749-2006 drinking water health standards" set forth in the sodium content 鈮?00mg / L, but the sodium content of infant products in drinking water maintained at approximately 0.8-45mg / L of within the range, a decline is obvious.
In 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) in Rome in the WHO European Center for Environment and Health, organized a group from various fields of nutrition, medicine and scientific research and other experts specialized in drinking water mine material contribution to total dietary nutrition, and build research published in the "nutrition drinking Water," a book, the first of which 13 papers, "nutritional minerals in drinking water: implications for infant nutrition" concrete introduced drinking water the impact of the mineral nutrition of infants and young children.
In this paper, "compared with the infants weight, water intake and intake of the babys enormous long time, mineral nutrient concentration in drinking water may have on infant intake of trace elements and minerals have a significant impact on the amount of material.
we usually making infant formula with water, mineral content of the water to some extent, may lead to changes in the mineral content of milk.
because for most of our infants and young children, the intake of large intake of milk formula and a long time, so the nutritional mineral concentrations in drinking water will have an impact on the total infant intake of trace elements and minerals .
very important minerals
It is well known source of nutrient intake infant population as abundant as adults, they get for trace elements, minerals mainly from breast milk, milk powder, food supplement and water.
The main route of intake of some nutrients is the water, their lower content in other foods, such as fluorine, chromium and so on. Therefore, comprehensive nutrition for infants and young children get, the one from the water intake of certain nutrients is very important channel.
If you do not - minerals
World Health Organization said in "drinking water nutrition" Proceedings of the article: it was discovered that the use of pure water when cooking will cause food ( vegetables, meat, grains) in all the necessary elements of a huge loss.
of purified water in the manufacturing process, in addition to harmful substances in the tap water. But also to all mineral elements essential water, potassium, calcium, magnesium and the like in addition. Long-term drinking, is not conducive to infants and young children full complement of various nutrients.
Thus, almost zero mineral content of pure water, is not appropriate for the infant with the powder. And it is not a long-term infants and young children directly to a single pure drinking water.
how many infants mineral elements needed?
in the infant period of vigorous growth, higher water demand. We do not recommend long-term use purified water mineral content is almost zero.
But this does not mean that a higher intake of infants and young children need a lot of mineral content of drinking water.
as an infant just came to new life on this earth, kidney immaturity.
Our standard is how to provide it?
At present, my country is no drinking water standards specifically for infants and young children.
since 2012 July 1, Chinas enforcement of "GB5749-2006 drinking water health standards", with international standards, testing index reached 106, in line with the quality standards to meet an adults daily demand.
but with the "Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality" World Health Organization is the same as the limit value "GB5749-2006 drinking water health standards" are not set individually for infants and young children, there is no special consideration mineral drinking water Effects of elemental content on infant health.
target range in the mineral content of the standard more widely, some important indicators of mineral content and no specific demands.
drinking water for infants and young children in other countries is how to provide it?
In 2003, the WorldWHO WHO published a "nutritional minerals in drinking water: implications for infant nutrition," and proposed a drinking water for infants and young children in: sodium 鈮?0mg / L, sulphate 鈮?00mg / L. Coincidentally, the French Food Safety Agency of Health, Swiss Academy of Pediatrics, the Austrian Federal Law Gazette, the British Health Department and other agencies are also mineral salt content of drinking water for infants and young children in the proposed requirements. As listed below:
current situation of infant drinking water
At present, China household drinking water in some areas unable to meet the drinking water requirements of infants and young children, tap water in most areas of TDS (total dissolved solids) content already far exceeds the recommended foreign laws and international institutions, such as Beijing tap water TDS level of about 200 ~ 300mg / L, much higher than the recommended value 鈮?00mg / L.
Some parents even drink directly to a large number of infant milk, fruit juice instead of water, which is not desirable. The body of water is the role of milk, fruit juice can not replace, the infant is likely due to the lack of water intake and dehydration and other serious consequences. In addition, the sugar content is too high will also affect the normal development of the childs teeth, even causing anorexia and obesity of children. Therefore, infants should be a system that can help the entire life dedicated to achieve the most harmonious state of water.
experts said, needs further scientific evidence to prove that the optimal concentration of minerals in drinking water early in children. But Europe and America, Japan and other developed countries, 70% home infant select special water, so it is recommended that parents consider a conditional reference to European and American countries selection criteria apply to infants and young children drinking natural spring water, mix formula milk powder for infants and young children, as well as a food supplement long-term drinking water directly.
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